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PRE-EMPLOYMENT DRUG TESTING METHODS
URINALYSIS
Urinalysis is an older drug testing technology. This method has some problems that have been exploited by drug users.

DETECTION PERIOD
Urinalysis can generally detect drug use for the previous 2-3 days for most drugs. After that the body flushes out the substance. A drug user can simply abstain for a short period of time, drink water, take the urine test and pass!

EASE OF EVASION
Drug users can substitute clean samples, or tamper with urine specimens. Books about "beating urine tests" are widely available and advertisements for "clean urine" and urine adulterating products are prevalent on the Internet. Beating a urine test is "no big deal" for an experienced drug user.

INTRUSIVE COLLECTION
The act of collecting a urine sample is intrusive and unpleasant. Also, since tampering is pervasive, most urine collections have to be observed, causing further uneasiness, particularly for women.

BLOOD TESTING

DETECTION PERIOD
Usually the same as urinalysis.

COLLECTION PROBLEMS
With the fear of blood borne infectious diseases, drug testing with blood is not usually the preferred method. Blood testing is the least used and recommended form of drug testing because of the invasiveness of the collection and the need for skilled sample takers.

HAIR TESTING

DETECTION PERIOD
Psychemedics hair analysis can detect drug use for approximately the previous 90 days. Temporary abstention won't beat the test.

EVASION
Psychemedics hair testing cannot be evaded as in urinalysis since the drug residue remains permanently entrapped in the hair. Evidence of drug use cannot be washed or bleached out.

COLLECTION
A cosmetically undetectable snip of hair is easily collected without causing embarrassment. Collection can be done in-house saving the time, inconvenience and the cost of having a job applicant visit a urine collection site.







THE TESTING METHOD YOU
SELECT IS EQUALLY IMPORTANT

Hair testing represents a lower cost to the corporation when the number of drug abusers who are not detected and their costs to the corporation are added up.
Hair testing is fairer and does not impact the morale of employees who are aware that other tests can be evaded by some of their fellow workers.
Hair testing provides the corporation with a bigger greater deterrent to drug abuse by its workers. Employees know the hair test is likely to detect their drug use.

  SUPERIOR TEST FOR PRE-EMPLOYMENT DRUG TESTING


Over 2300 corporations, five of the largest U.S. police departments and six Federal Reserve Banks are using the pre-employment drug testing services. Why?
Because they have found that hair test to be the most effective pre-employment drug test available.
The patented hair testing technology offers significant advantages over urinalysis and other testing methods. These key advantages include:


90 day detection period
resistance to evasion
non-intrusive sample collection
cost effectiveness

Case studies have shown that the
pre-employment hair test for drugs of abuse is up to 10 times more effective than other methods -

It's quite simple: if you are serious about maintaining a drug free workplace, contact Technology Two Inc.

National Institute of Justice Study
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) In an investigation of drug use in over 200 parolees and probationers, the RIAH hair analysis test proved significantly more effective than urine testing in detecting cocaine, PCP and opiate users. Hair, urine and self-reported drug use information was collected at intake and at three-month intervals during a one-year sampling period. Positive results of urinalysis and hair analysis (using one month-long section) at intake are presented below.
Subjects Positive by Urine and Hair at Intake



URINE HAIR INCREASE IN DETECTION
WITH HAIR (%)

COCAINE 17 88 420%

PCP 3 11 270%

OPIATES 10 28 180%



These data show the advantage of using the RIAH hair analysis test as an assessment tool when subjects are admitted to a program. The chart below presents the hair / urine comparison during the one-year surveillance period. Subjects were monitored by random urine collection (as many as eight samples per month) and a hair specimen taken every three months.
Subjects Positive By Urine and Hair: One Year Surveillance



URINE HAIR INCREASE IN DETECTION
WITH HAIR (%)

COCAINE 6 32 430%

PCP 1 6 500%

OPIATES 10 15 50%



These data show that even frequent, random urine testing was less reliable than the RIAH hair analysis test for detecting cocaine, PCP and opiate use.
Additional analyses were conducted to determine the patterns of drug use during the three months prior to intake. The RIAH hair analysis test data were used to identify chronic abusers whose addiction put them at risk for the commission of additional crimes. In cases where the RIAH hair analysis test data were negative for the three months prior to intake, intensive supervision and inclusion in the comprehensive urine testing program appeared unwarranted. This information could be used to significantly reduce costs and increase productivity.
These analyses demonstrate that in all phases, the drug testing program used by the criminal justice system could be significantly streamlined and made more cost effective by using the RIAH hair analysis test rather than urine testing.

.
Hair Testing

When the annual cost of employing a substance abuser can exceed $ 7000, the companies need a superior line of defense to ensure they do not hire a substance abuser. Adding pre-employment hair drug testing to your current drug testing program provides your organization with unparalleled protection from hiring a substance abuser.



Problem: Substance abusers may abstain from drug use 3-5 days prior to applying for a new job. Once they have been hired, they begin drug use again.

Solution: Companies can implement pre-employment hair drug testing and examine a 90 day window of past drug use. Drug users typically will not discontinue their drug habit for a 3 month period in order to pass a pre-employment hair drug test.

Benefit: A company can significantly reduce the number of drug users it employs by implementing pre-employment hair drug testing. Thus saving approximately $ 7 to 10 THOUSAND annually per drug user that is not hired.

TECHNOLOGY TWO INC. offers hair testing using the latest testing methods. Hair testing is used
and accepted by companies across the nation.



RESULTS FROM URINE VS. RIAH COMPARISON


Percentage Positive

URINE HAIR

COCAINE 0.5% 8.4%

MARIJUANA 0.5% 3.5%

OTHER DRUGS 1.7% 6.1%

OVERALL POSITIVE 2.7% 18.0%



Cocaine Marijuana Other Drugs Overall Positive

SUMMARY

Steelcase administered both urine and hair analysis tests to 774 applicants in order to provide an effective side-by-side comparison. Hair and urine samples were collected on the same day from each individual. Steelcase has provided the results of this comparison with their permission to reproduce them.
1. For all drugs tested, hair test was substantially more effective in identifying drug use, yielding an 18.0% positive rate in comparison to a rate of 2.7% for urine.

2. Because of the rapid excretion of cocaine in urine, Hair testing was overwhelmingly more effective than urinalysis in identifying cocaine users. Sixteen times as many cocaine users were accurately identified using Hair testing technology.

CONCLUSIONS


If Steelcase were to rely on urinalysis to screen applicants for every 100 employees hired, approximately 15 would be drug users.
The National Institute of Health estimates that each drug abuser costs an employer
approximately $ 7000 annually. Therefore, a company like Steelcase would save $ 105,000 per year for every 100 employees hired by pre-screening applicants with hair analysis test.



STEELCASE CORPORATION
COST PER POSITIVE TEST RESULT
URINE VS. HAIR

A further example of Hair testing cost effectiveness:

If Steelcase had paid per test using hair testing and per test for urine testing, the cost per positive for Steelcase would still be over LESS using Hair testing technology.








Call us at - 800-204-2950 Email us at - cheryl@technologytwo.com